When you hear the question how to remove burn marks, you realize that surviving everyday life without it leaving a mark on the skin is a lot harder than it sounds. Any wound or injury, and especially burns can leave a parting mark on your skin, in the form of a scar. A scar is the body’s way of hastily covering up irregularities and damages (1).
It is defined as a residual mark from the healing of a particular wound, and this applies to burn scars as well. The outermost layer of our skin is known as the epidermis, with the following layer termed the dermis.
Upon the infliction of a wound, the dermis is damaged, which makes the skin immediately get to work on creating a cover for protecting the wound. This is mainly to protect the area from germs and bacteria which have the potential to infect that wound and cause further illness. This particular cover is made up of a protein structure known as collagen, and it is produced by fibroblasts which are sent from the dermis (2).
However, these collagens are also the reason why burn scars are so evident on our skin. In their haste to cover a wound, the neat lattice structure of the cover is not always maintained. This forms the characteristic lumps or deep indents that usually show on the skin.
Coming in contact with any hot object, be it while busy cooking and getting scalded, or working with hot objects can easily burn the skin. When skin gets burned, it actually means that skin cells die, and collagen again comes to the rescue to cover the wound and heal the area. While some burns are temporary, other scars of higher degree are often more permanent.
The method of classifying burns comes in four degrees where fourth-degree burns are the worst, most irreversible damage caused to both skin and bones, whereas first degree burns merely affect the epidermis (3). Burns are classified as second and third based on the level to which they affect the dermis layer and their appearance.
Do burn marks/scars heal?
The healing of burn scars highly depends on how severe the burn is and what it is classified as. The more severe the burn, the longer it would take to heal and beyond a point, it will most definitely leave a lasting mark on the skin, reminiscent of the burn. It would make it harder to give an answer to the question “how to remove burn marks” if the scar has been present for a longer time.
The trick with the healing of burn scars is the immediate remedy. Quick and swift treatment of the wound is usually the easiest way to minimize the chances of permanence for the scar.
The scars themselves can be classified into three types based on their appearance. They are either hypertrophic, contracture or keloid scars (4). While hypertrophic scars usual show up in red or purple, they are the easiest to heal and may not last on the skin.
Contracture scars, on the other hand, can severe to the level of restricting muscle and tendon movement. Keloid scars are the most stubborn of scars, which are shiny and smooth bumps, and take the longest to heal.
How to remove burn marks from the face?
The easiest ways to reduce burn scars are to either applying silicone gel on the affected area, protecting it from sun exposure and using safe over-the-counter medication prescribed, indicating how to remove burn marks.
Silicone gel has the capability of soothing the burnt area and reducing general redness in the area. The reason why sun exposure is bad for burns is that it not only irritates the area, but it can also trigger the melanocytes in the skin to produce excessive amounts of melanin.
This is the pigment which gives skin its dark color, and with sun exposure you risk your wound turning into a much darker color than your normal healthy skin. This only acts against your attempts to fix the existing scars.
And although people tend to reach for home remedies to treat burnt skin, like toothpaste or honey, these types of risks should not be taken when it concerns facial skin. This skin is more sensitive than the skin on the rest of the body, and treatment should always be checked with a dermatologist before administering it on the face.
How to remove burn marks from hand?
The use of lukewarm or cold water on the wound can really help in saving the wound, as well as the use of antibiotic ointment and gauze bandaging. These are processes which go synonymous with any type of burns. Similar treatment to burns on the face will also work on the hand. Just be sure to exercise that part of the skin regularly to ensure that the newly developing skin is as healthy as the existing skin.
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